Many industries require measurements of water or gas as they pass through the piping in various systems. Flow meters are instruments used to measure the mass, linear, nonlinear or volumetric flow rate of a gas or a liquid. Here are some of the most common ways flow is measured by piping engineers.
1. Differential Pressure
The main component in a differential pressure meter is a universal orifice plate. These plates are exceptionally reliable because there are no moving parts. As one of the oldest measurement technologies in use today, it’s proven to measure flow accurately in the industrial setting, natural gas companies and other areas.
2. Coriolis Meters
When high accuracy is a must and low maintenance is a bonus, this type of meter can be used. When a company needs consistent flow to maintain product quality, safety and revenue, a Coriolis meter is an excellent choice. They are often used in custody transfer applications.
3. Turbine Meters
Turbine meters are often used in custody transfer applications in the chemical and petroleum industries. This flow meter works best when measuring clean, self-lubricating liquids. It can measure low flow rates and high viscosity liquids with optimal accuracy and resolution.
4. Vortex Meters
Vortex meters have gained popularity over the years as they are useful for measuring steam, oil and gas. They are able to accurately measure gas and low-viscosity fluid. The new development of multivariable flow measurement capability has enabled this type of meter to output units such as mass flow, liquid standard volume, gas standard volume and British Thermal Units.
5. Magnetic Meters
Electromagnetic flow meters are becoming as popular as differential pressure meters because of their high accuracy in measuring the volumetric flow of conductive liquids across a wide range of applications.
When you need to measure the flow of a liquid or gas in your industry, research the best option before you purchase so you know you will get the most accurate readings possible.