CNC machining refers to various types of machining industry applications. It is a computer numerical controlled program feature used in machining, allowing an efficient performance of various functions with less human control. It is the fabrication of different components through CNC-controlled machines. It is a systemized process where a range of manufacturing functions starts from a stock workpiece to the final product component. CNC machining has various types of CNC machines.
The processes are applied in different areas, such as medical, hydraulics, industry, and aerospace, among others. Various materials can use a CNC system, including glass, wood, metals, and plastics, CNC provides a variety of benefits as compared to machining that is not using the CNC programmed systems. It largely reduces the cycle times, top-quality finishes, and multiple other features and benefits. Here are four common types of CNC machining;
CNC Lathes and Turning Machine
These machines are described by their ability to turn the materials around during their machine operations. It functions by rotating the bars while sliding axially by a guide using a holding mechanism into a machine. It offers better support to the equipment as the machines create the different parts. The cutting tools feed on systemized programs that are instructed to remove materials around a circumference until it achieves the required diameter and proper features.
This helps in providing support to get the best part, which results in tighter and better tolerance. The machines can create both external and internal features such as bores, reamed holes, threads, slots, drilled holes, and tappings. For instance, this Aerospace Machining Company is a good example that offers advanced creation of product features and shapes.
CNC Laser Machine
This machine has pointed routers with top-quality laser beams used in cutting, and slicing precise materials. The lasers are for heating the materials, causing melting, vaporization, and creating cuts in the materials. Mostly, the materials are in sheet format and laser beams move around over them to make precise cuts. This process produces various designs that are better than a normal cutting machine.
Often, it produces some cuts to acquire edges that do not need any finishing procedures. The CNC laser engravers are used to mark different parts, specially purposed for decorations. For instance, it is very hard to machine a company’s logo on a product. However, with the use of the CNC Laser engravers, it can type the whole details in a product with precision.
CNC Electrical Discharge Machines (EDM)
This machine uses electrical sparks controlled to manipulate a material into different parts as desired. One can refer to it as spark eroding, spark machining, and wire burning. A component is put under an electrode wire while the programmed machine is set to emit an electrical discharge connected to a wire producing intense heat. Then it melts the materials and flushes away to form the needed shapes or features. It is mostly used to make slots, micro holes, and angled product features, among others a variety of components. Generally, it is used in hard metals, so it is impossible to machine contemporary machines into desired shapes and features.
These three CNC machines are some of the most common machines used in creating various products, shapes, and designs. They have enabled companies to produce products with high precision yet complex designs and features that a normal machine cannot create. Such improved technological advancements for top-quality manufacturing processes.